Como todos sabemos, uno de los principales problemas que presentan los proyectos de agua es su viabilidad financiera, que dificulta la entrada del sector privado. En este sentido, mejorar la capacidad de gestión de las personas involucradas en los proyectos de agua se convierte en un aspecto clave para mejorar sus resultados a nivel financiero, que permitiría garantizar su sostenibilidad y facilitar la creación de nuevos proyectos de agua.
Quite interesting issues opened in this debate. Without forgetting either the private sector or the civil society, I agree with Leonardo, and I think we should put especial emphasis on the public sector of developing countries. Promoting the water sector in the national agendas of their governments and stressing the importance of their budgets (usually underspend) is key. Furthermore, to attract further funding from the private sector it is critical to improve the sustainability of water projects. To do so, these governments should develop a proper legal framework and increase the managerial capacity of sub-sovereign entities and municipalities (the ultimate water services providers) as well as involving all stakeholders like Water User Associations.
Although it can be considered an old paper, I would like to attach the Camdessus Report (2003), a cornerstone for the financial needs of the water sector.
I fully agree with you when you say that we must focus on the least favored sections of the population that lack essential services of water. The reasons why we should address this problem are clear: this situation poses a serious threat to public health, to the quality of local environment, and to the general well-being of the population with lack of access to these services. Furthermore, a real sustainable and inclusive development requires that peri-urban areas and rural villages –where most of the population under this threat are- to get these services.
Besides, the Sixth Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) is “ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”. However, achieving this goal needs further investment than the available nowadays. Actually, it is been calculated that public budgets alone won’t be able to achieve it. As a result, as you commented as well, finding new ways of investment, promoting public-private partnerships and supporting studies to know what the best way of investing are, have become critical.
Hopefully, this topic about Financing the implementation of water SDGs will be a theme of discussion as well in the WWF8, but meanwhile we can discuss it here!