Development Discussions

Development at the 8th World Water Forum

One of the factors that define the road to sustainable development is how water is used and managed. The development that meets the needs of the present and does not jeopardize those of future generations requires sharing water and its benefits in an inclusive manner, seeking for food security, clean energy, smart infrastructure, responsible consumption, efficient irrigation, competitive industry and economic growth. All those aspects relate directly to water. Implementing this development model requires participation of different sectors, political push, investment, cooperation an effective water governance.

Development - 1st Discussions Feb - Apr 2017

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The 8th World Water Forum will have Water for Sustainable Development as one of its central themes, focusing on water for human activities and the role of water use in different sectors and in countries’ development. In order to reach that, four topics have been set to comprise the debate questions under Development. The following topics should split into Thematic Sessions and other debate stages during the 8th World Water Forum in 2018:

  1. Water, energy and food security nexus (Water for food/ Water for energy)
  2. Inclusive and sustainable growth, water stewardship and industry
  3. Efficient use of surface water and groundwater - urban and rural
  4. Infrastructure for sustainable water resource management and services

Considering the above topics about Development:      

  1. What are the major challenges under each topic that concern civil society and communities and need to be raised for debate during the 8th World Water Forum?
  2. How those challenges apply to problems in your city, community or neighbouring surroundings?

Your feedback will support the organization instances of the Forum in the definition of Thematic Sessions and other opportunities for debate during the event.

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Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo said:

Thank you all for your comments during the first week and we encourage you to invite friends and colleagues to join us!  In the first week the debate has mostly focussed on education and capacity development, the need of media bang on water issues and suggestions on innovative technologies and policies.The need of educating people in low income communities, mainly rural ones, seems to be an urgent issue needing to be addressed. We look forward for your inputs in the upcoming weeks ! 

Amelia's picture

Amelia said:

Organisation: WAFUNIF

Amelia's picture

Amelia said:

HI all, sorry about typos.. I was referring to food and agriculture crop banks- given that water scacity/droughts can lead to starvation.Local communities and their gorernments can be informed about these types of projects and given support to create them. of course thsi assumes that there would be food and crop avialable either form  donors or produced locally during the rainy seasons.

.Many grassroots people are still not informed about climate change - some think that bad or extreme weather are 'acts of God" or some other cause. Education through the media centred on solutions from across the globe is necessary.here's a role for devlopment partners already on theground.

 

Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo said:

Please state in your comment the organisation you belong to: public sector, civil society, academia or private sector. It will help us to organise and address the issues raised by the group. Thank you for your contribution !

HAMZA ÖZGÜLER's picture

HAMZA ÖZGÜLER said:

There is competition among sectors in terms of water use. There are various pressures on water resources. Sectoral water allocation planning should be done to reduce these pressures. In the sectoral water allocation plan, instead of demand management, an infrastructure that can meet the increasing demands in the most appropriate manner should be established.

Development of sectoral water allocation plan would be done by considering demand management for total water potential and evaluation of hydrologic, environment, economic and social conditions in the context of surface and groundwater resources.

Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo replied:

Hi Hamza ! You have raised a very valid point: sectoral water allocation. I believe this decision has to be guided by public policies but with a wide and open consultation of civil society. good governance seems to be at the centre of our debate. Do you agree ? 

Cristian Suau's picture

Cristian Suau said:

Thanks, Lalith. I want to share my design innovations as part of seven year of systematic research, including proofs of concept. My findings are supporting your queries: 

Facts and figures: Our atmosphere contains about ten times more fresh water than all the combined fresh water rivers on the surface of the Earth. A small fraction of that atmospheric water which condenses as clouds falls as rain. Water provision is a fundamental challenge in many human settlements today. The risks associated with water shortage increase as the limited freshwater resources gradually diminish. The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development have estimated that by 2030 47% of the world’s population will live in water-stressed regions (OECD, 2008).

For instance, the Mediterranean Region is experiencing significantly lower than average rainfall, with severe impacts on rainfall-dependent settlements, industries and the environment. Regarding drinking water, about 14 million people in Europe do not enjoy access a basic drinking-water source, and 62 million people do not have access to piped water on premises. Seven out of ten people without access to a basic drinking-water source live in rural areas. Inequalities exist in access to drinking-water and sanitation services, where rural dwellers and the poor are the most disadvantaged (WHO European Region, 2015). The current shifts in rainfall patterns around the Mediterranean coast are likely to continue, aggravating current localised water shortages. 

Alternative technologies: The collection of fog water is a simple and sustainable technology to obtain fresh water for irrigation and drinking for human and animal consumption. In regions where fresh water is limited and fog frequently occurs, it is feasible to set up a passive system for fog water collection. The screen is perpendicularly exposed to the winds and fog is pushed through the mesh by the wind. Natural aerosoles are trapped on the mesh and form larger droplets, which drip down passing into a water storage tank. Fog water collection rates vary dramatically from site to site between 3 and 10 l/m²/day during yearly averages of fog occurrence.

Sustainable business model: Whilst conventional fog technology is proven and has been used for several decades, there are new questions to be solved. The problems are (1) the business model and (2) the high cost of production. In most cases, the users of planar fog catchers are unable to repair and maintain both frame and canvas, which is deteriorating over time, until it is unusable. In order to reduce production costs, advanced design must be used, textile efficiency and yield must be improved; textile materials and lightweight constructions should be developed more economically to take advantages of local resources available.

Examples and practices of efficient urban management with innovative financial and technologies: Apart from the experiences developed by NGOs and university experts worldwide, innovation requires an urgent attention. The main design aspects to take into account are: a. Climate: Wind speed and direction, air temperature, radiation UV, fog water content, relative humidity; b. Topography: Crestline, altitude, slope, clearance (no physical obstacles nearby), upwind orientation; c. Structure: screen ratio (height length); height from ground, volume geometry, frame type; and d. Textile: pores, patterns, spacing, water-repellence, coating and colour.

The denser the fog, the greater the water. In order to seek sustainable sources of fresh water, innovation should focus on design-based industries approaches. My inventions FOGHIVE & AIRDRIP represent an innovative water enhancement that offer autonomous water management and sustainable living in waterless habitat by developing lightweight 3D fogtraps that harvest fog water for drinking, agricultural irrigation and ecological restoration in collaboration with local industry, social entrepreneurs and stakeholders.  The novelty of my products lies on: a. Shape: The best screen ratio is found in polyhedral forms with hexagonal footprint (Suau, 2010, 2011, 2012). Both form and orientation geometrically response to the muti-directionality of winds.  Like an extruded wind rose plot, this wind-responsive innovation augments the capacities of fog catching six times more than conventional planar devices. b. Structural lighness: Lightweight space-frame demonstrated great stability against strong winds. It only requires two people to mount and dismantle. c. Advanced textiles: go for light colour mesh with high porosity. The result is at least 6 times for water colelction than any traditional solution.

Indika Gunawardana's picture

Indika Gunawardana replied:

Dear Cristian,

Many thanks for your very rich contribution. It calls for technology advancements and innovations as a timely need to reach the water need in rural and difficult areas. New technologies in water management also need bringing research into the practice and developing partnership with private companies to introduce them as  afordable technologies. I am sure your comments will count for shaping the WWF with a more informative session on technologies and innovations and sustainable business.  

Lalith Dassenaike's picture

Lalith Dassenaike said:

Thanks Sara for expanding on the actual situation in Brazil w.r.t. the treatment of waste and affluent.  Having said this any ideas going forward?  For example what really needs to be done...starting from very basic and simple solutions underpinning the "Education/Advocacy" threads at all levels.  For example what is a good starting point/intervention activity in the case of "School Education" or the "Local Government Authorities"?

Lalith Dassenaike's picture

Lalith Dassenaike said:

Thanks Georges for your valuable input.  I do agree with most of your comments.  I would like to focus the discussion on 2 dimensions as suggested:  1. Are the populations aware of the crisis situation? (If so who and where?  If not who and how to make them aware?).  2.  How do we get the "Media" more actively involved in this? Especially taking into consideratino all of the information we currently have from the Media...what additional or more effective PR can the media be doing or can the Media be more effectively utilized for more impact?

Lalith Dassenaike's picture

Lalith Dassenaike said:

Thanks Christian for your comments.  The statistics mentioned are alarming to say the least.  Your specific reference to the "Innovative Fog Collectors".  Any informatino as to why this technology is stalling in terms of going forward?  Any potential to overcome barriers and perhaps create the awareness among a wider audience?  Any sucessful results or case studies in the application of this technology on the ground?

Lalith Dassenaike's picture

Lalith Dassenaike said:

Amelia thanks for your very valuable input.  There's a lot of interesting ideas you've mentioned namely educating local populations; use of indegenous knowledge, the role of the banks etc.  I think these are important and key actors.  Wrt to the banks are you categorizing this sector as a donor or a stakeholder who can play the role of a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) stakeholder?  In all of these it would be good if you can list one (or perhaps two) "successful" activities in Brazil whereby then we could perhaps develop further into a more detailed case study.  This will help us to solicit "real impact" from tried and tested activity (or even perhaps a Policy) which can be shared with a wider audience.

Sara Osipi's picture

Sara Osipi said:

I agree on the education as one of the major challenges for water bodies preservation. In Brazil, it is important to deal with this question together with solid waste issues, since they occasionally generate problems together, like flooding in urban areas.

Besides, I think that government policies in developing countries should be intensified and we should demand water preservation to our politicians. Guanabara Bay recovery in Rio de Janeiro was not accomplished (even though it was an Olympic Games "promise").

In comparison to other countries, Brazil does not treat or even collect domestic effluents in the same proportions. Even though there are cities with expressive treatment coverage, the standard procedure still focus on primary and secondary treatments (solids and organic matter removal). In very few cases, there are nutrients removal. However, micropollutants (farmaceuticals to pesticides) are not removed. Additionally, industrial effluent treatment also focus only in surface discharge, which has a mild regulation. Now, because of lack of water in some regions, industries are running reuse projects to keep on operating.

It is also important to mention the technologies to handle this kind of pollutants are well known and applied to many other countries, in spite of being more expensive than conventional ones.

Indika Gunawardana's picture

Indika Gunawardana replied:

Many Thanks Saara, I 100% agree with you and Lalith. Brazil is one of many who experiencing this devastating situation relaetd to water pollution. Many environmental and water related programme are happening in Brasil, so its time to think on why these project itself are not enough to solve it? 

Could it be related to governance, or enforcing of regulation, or financial, or anything else like lack of caapcity and awareness?

Some food for thought for all of us I guess..

Georges Drouet's picture

Georges Drouet said:

This is an answer to Amelia, but, I think, it worth sharing to the whole list as, at the end, I'm asking a open question to all of us.

My answer to Amelia:

Very good point Amelia. You're describing a series of potential actions that could change the catastrophic global situation we are heading to.

Several crisis are indeed taking place simultaneously, climate change, water scarcity, increasing lack of wealth redistribution in rich and poor countries, pauperisation of constantly larger sections of populations, uncontrolled migrations from countries affected by wars, water scarcity and soon climate change.

The conjunction of all these crisis is facilitating the surge of far-right and fascist regimes that in turn accelerate protectionism, complicating international collaborations on all those crisis.

It is useful to mention that awareness campaigns on climate change have brought a global consciousness about the risks we are facing. People are now ready to act, not only on their personal level, reducing their impact but also as a society defending its future. Time has come, as you say, to push ahead practical solutions that should be implemented now! Well in fact yesterday, but...

I would like to ask this forum if they believe that the populations of the world are aware of the urgency of the situation in terms of water scarcity, access and pollution.

Do you believe that we can reach a momentum, working with the media, where populations, worldwide, will raise the voice to claim action against water scarcity, lack of access and pollution?

Due to the emergency we are facing, shouldn't we claim and propose solutions at the same time as Amelia suggests?

Thanks, Georges

Indika Gunawardana's picture

Indika Gunawardana replied:

Good point both Amelia and George,

I think the world population is not aware enough OR not feeling an enough burden of this to act. I think social inequity, poverty, governance failures are causing slow action and most vulnarable are the poor and marginalized people. It's a good point to discuss further..

Cristian Suau's picture

Cristian Suau said:

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development has estimated that by 2030, 47% of the world’s population will live in water-stressed regions (OECD, 2008). The Mediterranean Region is experiencing significantly lower than average rainfall, with severe impacts on rainfall-dependent settlements, industries and the environment. Regarding drinking water, about 14 million people in Europe do not enjoy access a basic drinking-water source, and 62 million people do not have access to piped water on premises. Seven out of ten people without access to a basic drinking-water source live in rural areas. Inequalities exist in access to drinking-water and sanitation services, where rural dwellers and the poor are the most disadvantaged (WHO European Region, 2015). For instance, he Catalan government's plan envisages that water needs will double by 2021 (Agència Catalana de l’Aigua, 2015). One solution is to invest in innovative fog collectors. However there is not significant design progress among planar/conventional fog collector, so 3D fog collectors are the alternative water technology that can increase yield, offer autonomous water harvesting and management in waterless habitats. We have to put special attention to the development of advanced textiles and building materials with affordable manufacturing and shipping solutions.

Cliff Southcombe's picture

Cliff Southcombe replied:

Thanks for this Cristian - will post your comments on our social media sites to help raise awareness

Cristian Suau's picture

Cristian Suau replied:

Great, Cliff. There are the section "People" and "Finance" that we can also look at and participate. It seems a great platdorm to share ideas and solutions on water enhacement technologies. I go for "high-risk and high-gain" social impact where your knowledge on social innovation, entreprenuership and ITC can contribute significantly regarding water management. Cristian

Amelia's picture

Amelia said:

WRT to major challenges under topic a., it seems that because of the  water criases;droughts and floods in some countries, almost immediate remedies and solutions are necessary.  Depsite all the debating, theorising and documentation of recommendations in the past, immediate action to counter the impacts on local populations  require implementation actions inlcuding:

- eductaing local populations affected on the signs and elements of climate change in their own local lanaguaaes using media outrecah to rural ares inparticular.

- tapping local and indigenous knowlegde in water conservation and control as well as project development and implementation for food secuity inlcuding craetion of national  and community food/crop

banks

- sourcing and applying inexpensive, practical  infrastucture and other  solutions to counter g droughts and floods, such as floating houses, houses on stilts, rainwater catchment for households, seawater  desalination methods from other ocuntries such as Brazil. Practical solutions to counter the onslought of climate change which is deemed inevitable in some quarters ; 

-building local capcity of affected communities in operation and maintenance of water systems, training educators, managers and technicians to ensure sustained water management; introduce solar/renewabler energy use.

-proviiding and increasing water storage capacity to mitigate effects of drought conditions such as occurs in Africa and other regiions.

-  diverting funds from the international sale and purchase of arms to help fund those activties receommended above and also in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals .

Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo said:

Será que a energia produzida pelas hidroelétricas é a solução mais eficaz para o Brasil ? Ou estamos ficando reféns de uma unica fonte de energia ? 

Francisco Costa's picture

Francisco Costa replied:

Creio que a diversificação por fontes naturais pode ser uma alternativa sustentável se associada a políticas sociais assentes na educação ambiental.

Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo replied:

No caso do Brasil, acho que falta planejamento estratégico de longo prazo para o setor energético. O desenvolvimento de um país não pode ficar à mercê dos interesses das elites políticas, econômicas ou regionais.  

Lalith Dassenaike's picture

Lalith Dassenaike said:

Thanks Monika for initiating the discussion with a very valuable comment focusing on a very important topic namely "Advocacy/Education". Welcome also to the e-discussion. The case in reference namely Brazil sounds a lot like the situation where I come from namely Sri Lanka. It would be good to distill or breakdown your issues further in order to structure a more coherent discussion and therefore will you be able to identify a few key issues in terms of educating the school children, communities, private sector, government officials etc. basically the experience in Brazil, to move forward the discussion. As Daniela has also commented in the case of Peru, it will be also interesting to find out the situation of "Public Private Partnerships" in the case of Brazil.

Monica Exelrud Villarindo's picture

Monica Exelrud ... replied:

Dear Lalith, Francisco and other participants,
The problem is not only giving environmental education to the communities, we need to give them options as well. If they do not have options on what to with their garbage , sewage and other waste, they will just keep on poluting the waters because they have no other option. We tried to do a project with the coomunities in Rio de Janeiro, but no one wanted to sponsor it and at the end more and more studies are done showing all the statistics of the water etc..., but no one works with the communities. There is an expression that we use in Portuguese when we keep on doing useless work that will not solve the problem..."We just keep on drying ice" para os que falam Portuguës, nós continuamos enxugando gelo. We need to be more proactive and create projects that will involve everybody as a responsabible parties for the wellbeing and the future of the water resources.

Francisco Costa's picture

Francisco Costa said:

Daniela
Gostaria de saber se esta plataforma possibilita a colocação de figuras ou textos que possam ajudar à discussão, ou se isso pode ser feito entre os membros.

Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo replied:

Oi Francisco ! É possível fazer upload de imagens até 24Mb e anexar links. 

Francisco Costa's picture

Francisco Costa replied:

Oi Daniela. Excelente. Irei disponibilizar alguns documentos para ajudar a discussão.

Mariana da Costa Facioli's picture

Mariana da Cost... said:

Caros Colegas, boa noite!

Muito bacana a abertura desse espaço para uma prévia das discussões.

Espero, sinceramente, que possamos ir além de boas ideias e iniciativas, buscando a viabilização e a operacionalização prática das ações necessárias à melhoria de qualidade e quantidade da água.

Pelo que percebo estas questões são adiadas largamente pelos setores produtivos, com ênfase para o industrial e agropecuário. Inclusive, esse foi o tema regente da minha dissertação, com foco na realidade da Bacia do Rio Paraíba do Sul, na região sudeste do Brasil.

Espero poder interagir constantemente com os membros deste grupo!

Abraços a todos,

Mariana

Francisco Costa's picture

Francisco Costa said:

Boa tarde

Parabéns à iniciativa. Estive em Marselha no 6º Forúm Mundial da Água em 2012 e foi um sucesso. Estarei em Brasília e pretendo alargar a discussão para novas temáticas no quadro da sustentabilidade e governança da água, nomeadamente o papel das comunidades locais.

Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo replied:

Caro Francisco, benvindo ! Sugiro que aproveite essa plataforma para começarmos o debate agora.Assim poderemos amadurecer e nos aprofundar em algumas questões.

Indika Gunawardana's picture

Indika Gunawardana said:

Hi everyone,

I am so.. looking forward to learn from your experiences and thoughts. 

It is evident that Water needs are rising with rapid urbanization. This includes different sectoral use including domestic, agriculture, industrial and ecosystem which one or other becomes a priority use or in multiple use depend on the context. Intensive use of water without proper treatments and disposal damages the natural water cycle, and does not help the environmental flow in natural existence. With man-made or natural climate changes, some communities are at risks even to meet the basic water need. This calls for sustainable water use and management where civil society and communities are at stake. We encourage you to share your experiences and thoughts that will shape the thematic session - Water for Sustainable Development. 

Maria Helena Batista Murta's picture

Maria Helena Ba... said:

Gostaria de participar, inclusive com ideias.

Francisco Costa's picture

Francisco Costa replied:

Como investigador, teria muito interesse em saber o papel das comunidades locais na gestão do risco de inundação do rio Doce. Grato.

Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo replied:

Oi Francisco ! O Instituto Bioatlântica - Ibio, além de responder como agência da bacia do rio Doce tem trabalhos com comundiades rurais na região. Espero que essa dica ajude na sua investigação. Se possível, compartilhe conosco os resultados da sua pesquisa. 

Francisco Costa's picture

Francisco Costa replied:

Muito obrigado. Sim irei partilhar algumas ideias para debater sobre a governança das comunidades locais na gestão sustentável da água e no combate às inundações.

Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo replied:

Francisco ! Já tentou entrar em contato com o Comitê de Bacia do Rio Doce ?

Francisco Costa's picture

Francisco Costa replied:

Grato pela rápida resposta. Tentarei esse contato para me inteirar da participação das comunidades nesta entidade e se o problema das inundações é aí debatido.

Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo replied:

Benvinda, Maria Helena ! É só postar as suas ideias ou sugestões para debate.

Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo said:

Hi Monica ! Thank you for your comment. I definetely agree with you. One of the major challenges for a sustainable use of water is education and, to be more precise, environmental education. Unfortunately, developing countries such as Brazil have a long way to go. On the other hand we now have communication tools such as this platfrom enabling us to speak to people over the world. In Peru they have recently approved a legislation on private & public partnerships. Companies interested in investing in sanitation infrastructure will have a reduction in their tax payments. I will look into this matter and get back to you in the next 24 hours with further details. Let's look for solutions together ! 

Monica Exelrud Villarindo's picture

Monica Exelrud ... said:

The major challenge is to convince and educate the general population on the importance of their contribuition to save water and to keep it clean. In the city of Rio de Janeiro this is a major problem as well as in other parts of the country. There is a notion that the water resources are so abundant that there is no need to conserve it clean. Communities dispose their garbage and sewage in the rivers, there is no notion of the importance of reforestation to maintain the water resources, and there is poor planing from government authorithies. If we keep on doing things the same way we will just get worse results and future generations will not have enough water to live on.

SALAMATU GARBA's picture

SALAMATU GARBA replied:

hi all

Also to add my voice to that of Monica, even if clean water is provided from either borehole or the water system, it gets polluted or contaminated  during transporting by the carriers  from source to point of usage or even the containers or the hands are not turely kept clean. We will have to marry the culture of personal and environment hygiene with effective use of water 

Daniela Cestarollo's picture

Daniela Cestarollo said:

Welcome to the discussion forum on Development !

The online public consultation is a great step towards a more democratic debate on water for Sustainable Development. It is an opportunity citizens from different cultural, social and economic backgrounds cannot miss as it gives them a ‘voice’ over issues often decided between closed doors . After all, people’s effective participation, transparency and future planning are crucial values for the role of society in good governance. Make the most of this space!

Benvindos à discussão do fórum Desenvolvimento ! 

A consulta pública online é um passo em direção a um debate mais democrático sobre a água para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável.É uma oportunidade imperdível para cidadõs de diversas origens culturais, econômicas e sociais já que lhes oferece uma 'voz' sobre temas, geralmente, decididos a portas fechadas. Afinal, a participação efetiva, a transparência e o planejamento futuro são valores cruciais para o papel da sociedade em boa governança. Aproveite ao máximo esse espaço !

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